UNFPA leads the other Participating UN Organizations (PUNOs) in this priority area to ensure that targeted formal and informal institutions and responses are effectively in place. They address Gender Based Violence (GBV) /Violence against Women (VAW), including in emergency and post-emergency situations and particularly among the marginalized vulnerable population.The Government of Kenya – UN Joint Programme on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment (JP GEWE) is working on the following key results under its priority area of Gender Based Violence:Police, military, judiciary, CSOs, and health service providers operate within accepted international/regional/national instruments, policies, strategies and protocols for sustainable prevention and response to Sexual and Gender Based Violence.Key International, regional and national (human rights) laws, policies, strategies and protocols to prevent and respond to GBV designed and adopted.CSO networks developing and utilizing coordinated strategies for the prevention and response to GBV using community structures.
Facts and FiguresOne in every three women will be physically and/or sexually abused during their lifetime.Almost half (45%) of women and girls aged 15-49 years report experiencing either physical or sexual violence.31.9% of females and 17.5% of males experience at least one incident of sexual violence before the age of 18.National Female Genital Mutilation prevalence rate in Kenya is at 27%, with 97% of it in the North Eastern region.27.1% of women aged 15 – 49 years have undergone FGM/C.Girls and women were targeted during the post-election violence in 2007/2008, 876 women were raped and 1,984 girls were defiled.According to the Kenya Media Network on Population and Development (KEMEP), approximately 1500 articles were published in the mainstream media in 2012 focusing on GBV and around 150 articles on FGM/C.
Key Achievements GBV Mapping – Portal established with information on service providers; National GBV Hotline 1195 launched; mapping of resources and gaps; emergency preparedness; and promotion of coordination of GBV services and work. GBV IMS - On-going advocacy with the Ministry of Health to integrate the GBV-IMS into the overall Health Information Management System (HIMS) and standardize GBV as part of each hospital’s data collection. Establishment of Kenya Police Women’s Association. Sexual and Gender Based Violence Policy initiated. Launch of the UNiTE Kenya Chapter Campaign with participation of over 300 people and the Million Fathers’ Campaign. Community level initiatives – involving traditional elders in Meru, Tana River, Garissa, Isiolo and Moyale counties and support for public declarations of abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Meru, Gisii, Moyale and Tana River counties and in 10 villages in Kuria district. Public declaration in Kisii resulted in the arrest of 1 circumciser by the police.